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Talvez o administrador tenha desabilitado a visualiza o dessa p gina, e todo o seu conte do ficar permanentemente inacess vel para o seu endere o IP.Fall 2017Description: The course imparts knowledge and skills for planning sustainability projects and developing solutions for organizations of at least 50 employees including small businesses, nonprofits, or local townships Welcome to the first issue of the GSD Research Snapshot.   G. Ware Travelstead Professor of the History of Architecture and Technology. Director of Research..Fall 2017Description: The course imparts knowledge and skills for planning sustainability projects and developing solutions for organizations of at least 50 employees including small businesses, nonprofits, or local townships.Sustainability solutions refers to working with a client either as a member of a team or individually developing and delivering a customized sustainability action plan (SAP) Welcome to the first issue of the GSD Research Snapshot.   G. Ware Travelstead Professor of the History of Architecture and Technology. Director of Research..Sustainability solutions refers to working with a client either as a member of a team or individually developing and delivering a customized sustainability action plan (SAP).Common client goals are reduction of operating costs, minimization of the environmental footprint, and improvement of environmental sustainability practices.

Opportunities are identified and initiatives developed in collaboration with the client for both short and long term.Typical areas of focus include energy efficiency, water conservation, waste reduction, supply chain management, green IT, and transportation.In support of recommended initiatives, SAPs emphasize a process to foster sustainable behavior, outline key performance indicators to measure performance, and build a sustainability capital reserve to capture cost savings for possible future investments.Deliverables for the course are a SAP and a presentation to the client stakeholders.

A substantial amount of time during the semester is spent on coaching students regarding how to most effectively work with the clients to address organizational requirements, develop solutions, and present SAPs.

Sustainability executives and consultants occasionally serve as guest speakers to share experiences and best practices.The case method is used to provide a participative and realistic forum enabling students to learn about sustainability while also developing the skills to use the knowledge gained.Whether the SAP is developed for a client by a team or an individual, the course structure enables and ensures evaluation of individual student effort through student reflections and a client satisfaction survey.Past clients have included New York City Department of Sanitation, Greater Pittsburgh YMCA, General Electric Applicances, Utah Center for Affordable Housing, and Amazon.Pierre Belanger Fall 2017 Description: Extraction redefines our understanding of urbanism in the 21st century.

If everything we build comes from the ground, then extraction is the process and practice that reshapes our assumptions about urban economies.From gold to gravel, copper to coltan, iron to uranium, geological resources support every single aspect of human life in the 21st century.In subway tunnels or on suburban streets, in electronic manufacturing or information media, on stock exchanges or in commodity markets, the geological materiality of con-temporary urbanism is inescapable.Where do these materials come from? Where do they go? Who processes them? How are they moved? Often perceived as remote, the sites and systems of resource mining not only expose the scales and states of industrial extraction but they reconfigure the limits of urban economies and extents of patterns of consumption.From land rights on the surface to mineral rights below the surface, every dimension of urban life is mediated by resource extraction.

Canada is at the heart of this massive international re-source infrastructure.It is the most active mining nation in the world, with more than half of the globe’s mining companies head-quartered in Canada and listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange.Over half of the world’s mines are operated, serviced, financed or engineered by Canadians.This raises issues of profound social, logistical, environmental and political relevance that require critical inquiry.Why does extraction dominate? How did this empire emerge? How far does it extend? Who does it impact? Who gains, who loses? What alternatives exist? These are the pressing questions and public debates that face Canada in the next urban century, as it becomes a global resource giant, and planetary staple supplier.

Either in the assembly of consumer goods like smartphones or the construction of concrete highways, Canadian life is mediated through mineral extraction: it is our urban, political and cultural ore.

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Moving into the 21st century, the process of extraction is a project that requires a different method of imagination, new ways of engagement and new forms of representation.If it is to do so responsibly, sustainably, and intelligently, it will have to grapple with the advantages as much as the social challenges of transnational operations, the environmental realities of resource extraction as much as the economic myths of mining cultures.Canada will have to re-examine and re-imagine its imperial role throughout the world for the foreseeable future and the legacy of the next generation Where to get an energy conversion technology thesis proposal 100% plagiarism free double spaced Editing 4 pages / 1100 words Harvard.Canada will have to re-examine and re-imagine its imperial role throughout the world for the foreseeable future and the legacy of the next generation.

Profiling both the historic and contemporary culture of extraction from a political-ecological lens, the course features a selection of readings and presentations from influential scholars across a range of fields including geography, art, literature, architecture, engineer-ing, science, environment, industry, business and culture.

Topics of discussion will be interwoven with profiles of contemporary leaders in business, politics and culture Consortium for Energy Policy Research at nbsp Harvard University.Topics of discussion will be interwoven with profiles of contemporary leaders in business, politics and culture.In addition to this original content, the course will profile historic, unpublished and rare materials from a variety of Canadian archives to re-examine and re-collect the sources, evolutions and transfers of imperial resource roles and colonial logics-from outpost to global storehouse, from empire to empire-that Canada has both occupied and submitted to in the past five hundred years Consortium for Energy Policy Research at nbsp Harvard University.In addition to this original content, the course will profile historic, unpublished and rare materials from a variety of Canadian archives to re-examine and re-collect the sources, evolutions and transfers of imperial resource roles and colonial logics-from outpost to global storehouse, from empire to empire-that Canada has both occupied and submitted to in the past five hundred years.Finally, the course will result in the production of mapping and multimedia content related to the imaging and imagination of global resources and Canadian operations worldwide in the book and exhibition titled ‘EXTRACTION EMPIRE’ that will be produced and published in collaboration with MIT Press in 2017 to coincide with Canada’s 150th year of Confederation.Abby Spinak Fall 2017Description: What is the relationship between the natural environment and the design of successful places? How do we know? And how can we mobilize these ideas as planners and citizens? This class will explore environmental planning as an inescapably political and ideological practice and will give you tools to contextualize environmental planning methods in time and place.Starting with a brief survey of the history of environmental planning and its alternatives, we will explore recent planning perspectives that focus on empowering communities to shape their own environmental conditions, including Environmental Justice, Political Ecology, democratic resource management, and other methods of community governance and environmental activism.

We will consider how environmental planning ideas spread, how they work in different contexts, and how they have been disruptive and disrupted.We will question the relationship between environmental protection and community empowerment.Finally, we will explore our own politics as planners and designers, in order to be more aware of the assumptions and values that drive the work we do, and to figure out how we can most fairly and equitably live in and with the natural world.This class will be intellectually omnivorous, combining perspectives from planning, environmental history, anthropology, political science, and other fields.We will therefore occasionally interrogate how different fields produce knowledge and use these varied perspectives as data to explore how people experience nature and the built environment.

Fall 2017 Description: This course surveys federal environmental law and serves as a useful introduction both to environmental law’s particular complexities as well as to the skills necessary in mastering any complex area of regulation.The first part of the course considers the character of environmental disputes, the problems inherent in fashioning legal rules for their resolution, the history of the emergence of modern environmental law in the United States, and constitutional law issues that arise in the environmental law context.The second part of the course reviews several specific federal environmental statutes.The statutory review combines a close examination of several statutes – especially the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act – with a more general review of the basis operation of other laws, such as the National Environmental Policy Act and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.All the statutes serve as illustrations of different regulatory approaches to environmental problems: "command and control," information disclosure, and market-based instruments.

The class includes more extended consideration of climate change law and how and why environmental law is routinely whipsawed by shifting Presidential administrations, and class discussion frequently extends beyond court rulings to include the underlying litigation strategies of the parties that led to those rulings.Fall 2017 (also offered in Winter 2018 and Spring 2018) The Emmett Environmental Law and Policy Clinic (ELPC) offers students an opportunity to do hands-on, meaningful, real-life, and real-time environmental/energy regulatory, policy and advocacy work.Clinic offerings include local, national, and international projects covering the spectrum of environmental, energy and administrative law issues, under the leadership of Director and Clinical Professor Wendy Jacobs.Clinic students work on policy projects and white papers, regulatory and statutory drafting and comments, manuals and guidance to help non-lawyers identify and protect their rights, litigation and advocacy work, including developing case strategies, research and drafting briefs (filed in state and federal courts, including the U.Supreme Court), preparing witnesses and their testimony, meeting with clients and attending and presenting at administrative and court hearings.Our clients include state and municipal governments, non-governmental organizations, advocacy and community groups, and research and policy institutions.The subject matter varies each semester, but often includes climate change migration, citizen science, climate change mitigation and adaptation, offshore drilling and water protection, sustainable agriculture/aquaculture, ethics in the study of human exposure to environmental contaminants, development of legal frameworks for emerging technologies such as carbon capture and sequestration, extraction of natural gas by hydraulic fracturing, " and aiding environmental protection and advocacy groups to identify opportunities and strategies for participating in the review and permitting processes for significant energy infrastructure projects.Ali Malkawi Fall 2017 Description: This course is the first of a two-module sequence in Building Technology (6121, 6122) and constitutes part of the core curriculum in architecture.Objectives:To study selected aspects of the physical environment which directly affect people and their buildings, such as climate, weather, solar radiation and heat gain and loss.

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To Study the means by which environmental factors may be wisely utilized, controlled and modified as an integral part of the architectural t:6121 will undertake the study of human needs, comfort, performance and sense of well being in relation to the physical environments both natural and man made which occur in and around buildings.Recent environmental problems have been traced to the energy and waste products used or created by buildings.These environmental problems make it imperative that architects be familiar with the systems that affect building energy use All Research Topics from Harvard Business School HBS Working nbsp.These environmental problems make it imperative that architects be familiar with the systems that affect building energy use.

Students in this course will become familiar with those elements of a building that contribute to the heat and cooling loads in the building and will be introduced to methods that reduce the energy consumption.

Different methods of analysis, evaluation and simulation will be introduced and used.

Method:The course will be presented in lecture format on M and W.The course material consists of a required book and assigned provided readings.Grades will be based on homework problems, projects and examinations.Text book:Required Book: Vaughn Bradshaw, Building Control Systems, 3nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2006.Recommended Reference: Stein, Reynolds, Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, 12th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2015.

Grading:50% homework 50% Final exam Andrea Love Fall 2017 Description: This course is the second of a two-module sequence in Building Technology (6121, 6122) and constitutes part of the core curriculum in architecture.The objective of the course is to continue the study of environmental considerations in architectural design.The course will cover building systems and their technologies including the conventional and emerging HVAC systems, renewable energy systems, and other active building systems.It will also introduces daylight and electric lighting in buildings along with manual and computer-based methods for analyzing daylight design.The course also covers fundamental concepts of acoustics and their application in architecture.

In this course students will: Learn the fundamentals of HVAC systems in architecture, and practice the schematic design of such systems.Learn the basic principles and applications of daylighting and acoustic considerations in architecture.Continue to develop analytical and creative thinking regarding sustainability and energy issues in building design.The class format includes lectures and workshops.In all classes, the goal is an interactive format, so questions, comments, and other forms of active participation are encouraged.

Text book:Required Book: Vaughn Bradshaw, Building Control Systems, 3nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, ended Reference: Stein, Reynolds, Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings, 12th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2015.Kiel Moe Fall 2017 Description: Offered for the final time at the GSD, the fall 2017 Forms of Energy seminar focuses on Nonmodern Forms of Energy and Design.Nonmodern refers to concepts, forms and formations of energy that are not modern in their constitution.As a gush of goodwill towards more convivial political, scientific and aesthetic ends, designers today need nonmodern agendas for energy that eclipse the aberrant rationality of modern technocratic preoccupations with efficiency and optimization.In the course we will examine a disparate swath of intellectual and scientific history, ranging from the ancients to the contemporary, to construct an understanding of how people in history have attempted to dissipate forms of energy through building.

We will look closely at a large range of Nonmodern buildings and landscapes to reveal how they capture and channel energy in often astonishingly effective but, importantly, inefficient ways.This Nonmodern praxis for energy begins with the full implications of the law of thermodynamics for design: the non-isolated propensities and capacities of our far-from-equilibrium world wherein form emerges to dissipate energy in the most powerful ways possible.Whether archaic or contemporary, human or nonhuman, a Nonmodern formation of energy maximizes its intake, transformation, and feedback of matter and energy by design.

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In contrast to prevalent understandings of energy, we look how the aggregation of small scale systems reinforce large scale systems, and vice versa, through the design and assembly of building.Using an historical and scientific but non-technocratic framework to understand these forms of energy, this course will carefully consider the intellectual, formal and energetic legacy of building paradigms that existed prior, and after, the transformations that occurred during modernization and industrialization.

There will be lectures and an emphasis on readings and discussion to develop the topic Harvard Business School.   Faculty & Research   Open enrollment and custom programs designed to help senior executives expand their global perspective  .There will be lectures and an emphasis on readings and discussion to develop the topic.

Much like The Voynich Manuscript, a semester-long project will use discursive images and objects as part of a codex on nonmodern building.Fall 2017 Description: The Geopolitics of Energy examines the intersection between international security, politics, and energy 16 Jan 2018 - Description: In the US, energy use creates large political and social   proposals for energy change so that our proposals for change have   Nonmodern formation of energy maximizes its intake, transformation,   Description: A year-long research methods seminar in Science and Technology Studies that  .Fall 2017 Description: The Geopolitics of Energy examines the intersection between international security, politics, and energy.The course begins with the recognition that energy has long been a major determinant of power in the international system and that every shift in global energy patterns has brought with it changes in international politics.IGA-412 explores how countries shape their grand strategies to meet their energy needs, as well as how such actions have implications for other countries and global politics.

It looks at pressing contemporary issues related to peak oil, political reform and energy, pipeline politics, and the aggressive pursuit of oil and gas worldwide.The course also looks at new technologies and innovations - such as those making the extraction of shale gas economical or the growth of solar power - and how they are changing patterns of trades and could shape new alliances.Finally, IGA-412 considers the consequences of a successful shift away from petroleum based economies to anticipate how a new energy order will alter global politics in fundamental ways.Miller Fall 2017 Description: The history of energy is the history of modern political economy.

The history of energy is the history of a scientific concept and its technological application.The history of energy is the history of climate change and environmental catastrophe.The history of energy is the history of life, the universe, and everything.This seminar is a critical introduction to the roles that energy has played in history and historiography.

Using this ubiquitous and fundamental concept, we will explore questions ranging from climate change and capitalism to causality and colonialism in diverse places and times.Jerold Kayden Fall 2017 Description: As a scarce and necessary resource, land triggers competition and conflict over possession, use, development, and preservation.For privately owned land, the market manages much of the competition.At the same time, because use of land in one location affects the interests of neighbors and the general public, and because market mechanisms alone do not always protect or advance such interests, government has adopted land use and environmental laws that affect how land is handled.Expressed through local ordinances, higher-level legislation, constitutions, judicial opinions, administrative regulations, discretionary governmental decision, and private agreements, land use and environmental laws affect the look, character, and composition of areas everywhere.

Given the importance of land use and environmental laws to the built and natural environment, it is unsurprising that numerous critiques exist.One asserts that land use laws, especially traditional zoning, are crude implements that fail to address the needs of modern urban and rural environments.A second critique claims that environmental and land use laws have exacted too heavy a toll on market outcomes and affected private property rights in ways that unreasonably hinder the broad economy and unfairly penalize individuals.A third critique highlights the `capture’ of land use and environmental laws by localized business and homeowner interests, often to the detriment of economically less well-off individuals.

A fourth critique attacks land use laws for restricting design and architectural creativity.

The premise of this course is that non-lawyer professionals in the field-- urban planners, designers, architects and developers-- have a critical role to play in debates and in determining how land use and environmental laws should shape the built and natural environment.Students gain a working knowledge of the theories, rationales, implementing institutions, and techniques of land use and environmental law.Particular attention is paid to law’s intended and unintended impacts on the physical pattern of built environments and resulting social and economic outcomes, on the increasing overlap of land use law and environmental law regimes, and on tensions between individual and public rights and responsibilities.

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The course reviews the following topics: ‘the common law of nuisance’, ‘traditional’ Euclidian zoning and the historic relation between zoning and planning, ‘modern’ zoning (variances, planned unit developments, cluster zoning, special districts, special permits, incentive zoning, transfer of development rights) emerging trends in zoning ( form-based codes, sustainability and climate change adaptation measures, `fast-food? zoning) Constitutional issues and concerns (regulatory takings and exactions, due process, equal protection, free speech) exclusionary zoning and its remedies, inclusionary housing, and the Fair Housing Act growth management laws (phased growth, growth boundaries, capital infrastructure schedules, moratoria ) historic preservation laws and aesthetic zoning, zoning regulation of religious uses, adult entertainment laws, environmental impact review of zoning actions and development projects, other environmental laws and regulations affecting development (air and water pollution laws, wetland laws), environmental justice.

Harvard Extension SchoolRichard Goode MBA, Executive Director, Ernst and Young - Michael Macrae PhD, Energy Analytics Manager, Campus Services, Harvard University Fall 2017Description : The impact of supply chains to an organization's overall greenhouse gas emissions is becoming an increasingly relevant topic as more and more companies outsource manufacturing, logistics, and other key functions to third parties.Waste, water use, and greenhouse gas emissions are still incurred in bringing products and services to consumers, but they are often not fully accounted for Harvard Business School.Waste, water use, and greenhouse gas emissions are still incurred in bringing products and services to consumers, but they are often not fully accounted for.

Proper accounting for the emissions that are a known contributor to climate change is coming under increasing scrutiny.This course allows students to investigate the best approaches to measuring and mitigating scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions Research Snapshot Harvard Graduate School of Design.This course allows students to investigate the best approaches to measuring and mitigating scope 3 greenhouse gas emissions.Scope 3 emissions, for the purposes of the course, include all indirect emissions that occur in the value chain of a typical organization.

Students investigate how to gather data from disparate sources, how to calculate or estimate emissions, and how the procurement of supplies, services, and travel can be managed to mitigate or even reduce scope 3 emissions.The course also investigates scope 3 emissions reduction efforts that are underway at several leading Fortune 500 companies as well as universities and government agencies.Prerequisites: ENVR E-116 is recommended.Fall 2017 Description: In this reading group, we will explore historic and ongoing legal and policy debates over the fuels that power the U.We will begin with proposals by the federal government to construct mega-dams in the first half of the twentieth century and continue to current controversies about rooftop solar.The fuels that generate electricity have implications for economic growth and environmental quality (including climate change), and they have unfolded in a complex political environment.To provide context, we will read about the utility industry’s business model, the electric grid’s operations, and the tradeoffs among different energy sources, including fossil fuels like coal and emission-free energy sources like nuclear and wind.Through these debates, we’ll watch an industry evolve and speculate on where it may be headed.

Fall 2017 Description: This seminar introduces students to the major contributions of the field of science and technology studies (STS) to the analysis of politics and policymaking in democratic societies.The objective is to expand students' understanding of the ways in which science and technology participate in the creation of social and political order.The seminar is devoted to reading and analyzing works by scholars in STS and related fields who have addressed such topics as the relationship between scientific and political authority, science's relations with the state, science and democracy, scientific and technical controversies, and citizenship in technological societies.Fall 2017Description: Science and technology (S&T) affect--and insights rooted in understanding of S&T therefore are germane to formulating policy about--practically every issue on the agenda of governments: the economy, public health, education, environment, defense, diplomacy and more.Policy makers and those who advise them need to be aware of the aspects of S&T that impinge on their domains of responsibility, including the kinds of questions in those domains that science can help address and the potential and limitations of technological approaches to meeting the challenges there.

This course explores the interactions of S&T with domestic and international policy, drawing on the relevant scholarly literature and on case studies of current issues in economic policy, health policy, environmental policy, and defense policy.Fall 2017 Description: This course aims to inspire and enable students to lead effective change toward environmental sustainability in a variety of organizational contexts (education, business, government, nonprofit, church, community).The course explores what change leadership for sustainability is and guides students to advance their related capabilities, competencies, and strategies.The personal, interpersonal, organizational, and infrastructural dimensions of change leadership for sustainability are addressed.A variety of specific case studies and examples of sustainability in practice, including everything from green building design and renewable energy to environmental purchasing, are explored.

Interdependencies between finance, politics, relationships, cognitive processes, capacity building, and technology are discussed.Students leave the course with a deeper experiential knowledge of change management because they are required to complete a project involving a real life change leadership project of their choice.In a world lacking adequate political, judicial, and media leadership we can and must take leadership where we work and live, transforming our organizations en masse, fueling change at all levels of society.This course is designed to empower and prepare anyone who is willing to join in the collective effort to steer our society back on course towards a just and sustainable future.

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Jesse Keenan Description: This introductory course surveys the historical foundations, economic logics and underlying physics that underscore the design, development and operations of sustainable buildings.

The recurring theme of people, place and profit is redefined within the context of user demand, asset management, site planning, building design and financial acumen.Students trace a narrative of process that begins with market analysis and conceptual design and ends with de-commissioning and recycling 8 Nov 2017 - [Get answers to 10 FAQs about transferring colleges.] Some schools have prospective transfer students use the Common App or the   are in a position to be a bit more reflective about their educational goals because of their  .Students trace a narrative of process that begins with market analysis and conceptual design and ends with de-commissioning and recycling.

Throughout the course, the central subjectivities and applications of sustainability will be challenged in order to critically evaluate aspects of social, financial, and environmental sustainability.In particular, the course seeks to understand the nature and extent to which empirical science can inform risk-adjusted business decisions.In practical terms, the course is built upon basic technical calculations ranging from material energy transfers to discount cash-flow analysis Purchase Business Plan Online - Best in UK, Bigy Homework Helper.   Professional custom writing service - best in canada, dissertation help ireland us.   Best academic papers writing service - best in san francisco, homework help for   thesis standard help me with energy conversion technology thesis standard 5 term  .

In practical terms, the course is built upon basic technical calculations ranging from material energy transfers to discount cash-flow analysis.

These calculations are contextualized against building code benchmarks and exemplified through various technologies and building systems.The course includes a systematic review of various rating systems, building codes and delivery models, as well as the support systems necessary for informing investment and design decisions.At the conclusion of the course, students will have sufficient knowledge to pursue further competencies and accreditations leading to an entry-level practice in sustainable real estate management.For design students, the course defines a fundamental set of operational and economic parameters that shape design decisions and development trade-offs in commercial real estate.Students will be evaluated through the development of a business case based on programmatic requirements set forth in an RFP issued by the U.

The business case will be based on an integrated design and financial strategy that includes a pre-tax investment analysis, physical plans and designs, and life-cycle projections.The course will conclude with a presentation of the business case in a format that is intended to simulate the process of making a successful bid to a GSA jury.Sustainable Real Estate is not exclusively about the efficiency of inputs and outputs of market production.

It is about the design of material investments in the built environment that promote efficiency and reduce consumption in the advancement of the stability and durability of a broader range of urban ecologies.

There are no prerequisite courses required for this course.Naomi Oreskes Fall 2017 Description: Climate change threatens severe dislocation of our environment, culture and infrastructure, as well as substantial losses to biodiversity and natural beauty.Virtually all experts agree that to avoid extensive disruptive climate change, we must transform our energy system from one based on burning carbon-based fuels to renewables or other energy sources that are net carbon-neutral.This will require a technological transformation.This course examines that challenge in light of past and present transforming technologies.

In the first part of the class, we examine past examples of technological transformation, and consider what we might learn from them.In particular, we consider the questions: where do new technologies come from? What has been the role of the free market v.the role of conscious planning? Does technology drive social change or does social change drive technological innovation? Above all, how do we get the technologies we need? Do we get the technologies we need? In the second part we examine the required energy transition to prevent anthropogenic climate change, and the obstacles to it.Peter Huybers and Eli Tziperman Spring 2018 Description: The atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is now the highest it has been in at least 800,000 years, raising concerns regarding possible future climate changes.This seminar will survey the science of global change from the perspective of scientific debates within the climate community.

Specifically, the course will involve guided reading and discussion of papers that present contentious view points on the science of global change, with the goal of students learning how to scientifically evaluate these claims.During weekly sections, students will review climate topics in further depth and prepare group presentations for subsequent classes.Prerequisite(s): Recommended: Applied Mathematics 21a,b or equivalent, or permission of instructor.

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Martin Weitzman Spring 2018 Description: Climate change is one of the most difficult problems facing humanity.A small sample of questions to be asked and answers attempted in this seminar includes the following.

How do we analyze and decide what to “do” about climate change? What are the basic “models” combining economics with climate science, what are these models telling us, and how do we choose among their varying messages? How are risk and uncertainty incorporated? How do we estimate future costs of carbon-light technologies? How do we quantify damages, including ecosystem damages? Who pays for what? Why are discounting and the choice of discount rate so critical to the analysis and what discount rate should we use? What is the “social cost of carbon” and how is it used? Which instruments (prices, quantities, standards, etc Browse articles by topic - HBS Working Knowledge: The latest business management research and ideas from HBS faculty..How do we analyze and decide what to “do” about climate change? What are the basic “models” combining economics with climate science, what are these models telling us, and how do we choose among their varying messages? How are risk and uncertainty incorporated? How do we estimate future costs of carbon-light technologies? How do we quantify damages, including ecosystem damages? Who pays for what? Why are discounting and the choice of discount rate so critical to the analysis and what discount rate should we use? What is the “social cost of carbon” and how is it used? Which instruments (prices, quantities, standards, etc.

) are available to control greenhouse gas emissions and what are the strengths and weaknesses of each? What is “climate sensitivity” and why is it, and the feedbacks it incorporates, so important? How should the possibility of catastrophic climate change be evaluated and incorporated? What are costs and benefits of geoengineering the planet to counter global warming? Why has climate change been characterized as “the biggest international market failure of all time” and how might the world resolve the associated free-rider problem? Course open to Freshman Students Only.Spring 2018 Description: This seminar will cover the set of federal laws and regulations that together comprise US policy on climate change, including regulations adopted under the Clean Air Act to control greenhouse gas emissions from cars and trucks in the transport sector and power plants in the electricity sector; rules adopted under the Federal Power Act to encourage the integration of renewable energy and demand response into the nation's electricity mix; rules governing disclosure to shareholders of climate change-related risks under the Securities and Exchange Act; policies that encourage production of natural gas, such as the favorable regulatory treatment of hydraulic fracturing; and various policies mean to encourage nuclear energy Records 1 - 413 of 413 - Qualified Professional Academic Help.   Best Online Custom Writing Service - Best in Texas, Thesis   american cse 57 pages / 15675 words buy custom college lab   We have tips thesis writing servicesquotquot on writing cover   to order custom energy conversion technology thesis proposal 14  .Spring 2018 Description: This seminar will cover the set of federal laws and regulations that together comprise US policy on climate change, including regulations adopted under the Clean Air Act to control greenhouse gas emissions from cars and trucks in the transport sector and power plants in the electricity sector; rules adopted under the Federal Power Act to encourage the integration of renewable energy and demand response into the nation's electricity mix; rules governing disclosure to shareholders of climate change-related risks under the Securities and Exchange Act; policies that encourage production of natural gas, such as the favorable regulatory treatment of hydraulic fracturing; and various policies mean to encourage nuclear energy.We will also cover the history of failed Congressional efforts to pass federal climate legislation, and the US commitment to international climate negotiations over the course of several presidential administrations (from the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Accord).In addition to traditional legal materials the reading assignments will include some scientific, policy, and technical materials on topics ranging from carbon capture and storage to autonomous vehicles to geoengineering.

Spring 2018 Description: This course examines future climate change in the context of earth history, and then considers various strategies for what might be done to deal with it.We discuss measuring ancient temperature and carbon dioxide levels and investigate the basic physics and chemistry that control climate through the lens of climate variations in the geologic past.The likely impacts of continued greenhouse gas emissions are explored, emphasizing the scientific basis for climate change predictions.We explore impacts of climate change on human societies and on natural ecosystems.A major focus of the course addresses the question of how to mitigate climate change, including an examination of various options for advanced energy systems.

Each student designs a low-carbon energy system for the US, considering the four basic energy sectors (transportation, industry, residential and commercial, and electricity).During the second half of the course, a large portion of class time focuses on the low-carbon energy system exercise.John Shaw Spring 2018 Description: The course provides an overview of the energy resources that we use to sustain our global economies, and explores the impact of these activities on our environment.We address the full life cycle of each energy resource, including its origins, methods used to explore for and exploit it, how it is used in our economies, and the environmental impacts of these activities.Topics include coal, petroleum (conventional and unconventional), nuclear power, geothermal systems, and renewable energy options (hydro, tidal, solar, wind power).

Lectures and labs will introduce students to data and methods used in these energy and environmental sectors.Miller Spring 2018 Description: The future is not what it used to be.Nowhere is this more evident than in the natural world, where climate change and fading biodiversity, energy anxieties and environmental disasters have undermined the bedrock of history: the assumption of a stable continuity between past, present, and future.This class visits East Asia—China, Japan, and the Koreas, vibrant economies and agents of historical change, to explore the transformation of the natural world in modern times.

We will analyze nuclear power plants and cruise rivers, explore industrial ruins and debate public policy as we define Asia’s role in the global environmental future.Spring 2018 clinic (also offered in Fall 2017 and Winter 2018) Description: The Emmett Environmental Law and Policy Clinic (ELPC) offers students an opportunity to do hands-on, meaningful, real-life, and real-time environmental/energy regulatory, policy and advocacy work.Clinic offerings include local, national, and international projects covering the spectrum of environmental, energy and administrative law issues, under the leadership of Director and Clinical Professor Wendy Jacobs.Clinic students work on policy projects and white papers, regulatory and statutory drafting and comments, manuals and guidance to help non-lawyers identify and protect their rights, litigation and advocacy work, including developing case strategies, research and drafting briefs (filed in state and federal courts, including the U.Supreme Court), preparing witnesses and their testimony, meeting with clients and attending and presenting at administrative and court hearings.Our clients include state and municipal governments, non-governmental organizations, advocacy and community groups, and research and policy institutions.The subject matter varies each semester, but often includes climate change displacement, citizen science, climate change mitigation and adaptation, offshore drilling and water protection, sustainable agriculture/aquaculture, ethics in the study of human exposure to environmental contaminants, development of legal frameworks for emerging technologies such as carbon capture and sequestration, extraction of natural gas by hydraulic fracturing, and aiding environmental protection and advocacy groups to identify opportunities and strategies for participating in the review and permitting processes for significant energy infrastructure projects.

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Lucas Stanczyk Spring 2018 Description: How should governments respond to the problem of climate change? What should happen to the level of greenhouse gas emissions and how quickly? How much can the present generation be expected to sacrifice to improve conditions for future generations? How should the costs of mitigation and adaptation be apportioned between countries? Should significant funds be allocated to the study of geo-engineering? We will consider these and other questions in an effort to understand our responsibilities in respect of climate change, with a special focus on the structure of the analytical frameworks that have long been dominant among policymakers.Spring 2018 Description: Environmental issues have become increasingly significant in democratic politics and are now a salient issue of global politics, with climate change occupying central stage today.

This course focuses on the ways that different democratic polities are tackling green, global concerns, and climate action in particular PACIFIC Anglia Ruskin College or university Collection Harvard nbsp.This course focuses on the ways that different democratic polities are tackling green, global concerns, and climate action in particular.

What is the role of political systems? What roles can markets and regulation play? At what scale (local, national, federal, or supranational) are green policies most effectively executed? What has been the role of international negotiations regarding environmental and climate action, particularly since the recent Paris agreement? This course will identify the political challenges and dilemmas posed by environmental policies in democracies, discuss the best policy tools in national, sub-national, and international contexts, and focus on the transnational venues of environmental activism and green policies that have developed recently around the world.Specific case studies will be developed in comparative perspective (such as renewable energy, green cities of the world) with regional insights (European Union, Americas, Asia, Africa…) and guest practitioners’ perspectives.Spring 2018 Description:On December 12, 2015, the United Nations climate talks in Paris reached a historic milestone when more than 190 countries adopted the first accord that calls on all countries to join the fight against global warming.

Achieving these aspirational targets requires countries to establish policy that decarbonizes the economy.

Organizations should start to develop and implement a 2 degrees Celsius strategy by clearly understanding their exposure to climate-related risks and identifying best practices for adapting to new carbon regulation, along with transforming their businesses by deploying sustainable energy practices barrykang.com/presentation/where-to-purchase-custom-presentation-26-pages-7150-words-standard-ph-d-plagiarism-free.Organizations should start to develop and implement a 2 degrees Celsius strategy by clearly understanding their exposure to climate-related risks and identifying best practices for adapting to new carbon regulation, along with transforming their businesses by deploying sustainable energy practices.Understanding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including how to calculate them and the importance of reporting them publicly, is vital to understanding how to identify sources of emission and how to reduce them.This course teaches students how to measure, report, and reduce GHG emissions with an eye toward understanding the roles that energy choices and usage play in reducing emissions.Joseph Allen, Jose Guillermo, Cedeno Laurent Spring 2018 Description: It is well-known and oft-repeated in environmental health circles that we spend 90% of time indoors.Because this constitutes the vast majority of our exposure time, and concentrations of many indoor pollutants are actually higher indoors than outdoors, it follows logically that indoor environments influence our health.

Buildings have the potential for both positive and negative impacts on this indoor exposure, and can mitigate the burden of outdoor pollutants indoors.Over 40 years of research on the indoor environment has yielded many insights into building-related factors that influence health, well-being, and productivity.To meet challenges related to energy and materials, while simultaneously providing healthy indoor environments, buildings must incorporate sustainability criteria into every aspect of design, construction and operation.By definition, green buildings focus on minimizing impacts to the environment through reductions in energy usage, water usage, and minimizing environmental disturbances from the building site.Also by definition, but perhaps less widely recognized, green buildings aim to improve human health through design of healthy indoor environments.

This class will cover basic principles of high performance building design, construction and operation, and impacts on indoor environmental quality, including chemical exposures, light, noise and thermal comfort.One class each week will be dedicated to lectures on these topics, with case studies and experiences from building practitioners that have successfully incorporated sustainability features in historic and contemporary structures.We will also have guests from across the university (Harvard T.Chan School of Public Health, Graduate School of Design, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University Office of Sustainability).

The concepts presented in lectures will be reinforced in the second class each week with field trips, advanced modeling seminars and hands-on measurements of indoor environmental parameters.This course will be a requirement for the planned MPH65 degree track program in Sustainability and Environmental Management.Spring 2018 Description: The module will examine the evolution of multilateral attempts to address climate change.The primary focus will be on mitigation (i., emissions reduction), but we will consider policy for adaptation, climate finance, and geoengineering, as well.The module will incorporate research and analysis from the disciplines of political science, international relations, economics, and law.Readings will include primary sources (i.

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, the texts of international climate-change agreements), as well as published and unpublished research papers (some from the Harvard Project on Climate Agreements).

We will study in some detail the major new international agreement concluded at the U.climate-change conference held in Paris in December 2015, as well as subsequent efforts to elaborate the Agreement Research shows that enterprises fail at execution because they go straight to   A brilliant strategy, blockbuster product, or breakthrough technology can put you on the   Over the past five years, we have invited many thousands of employees   of it as the capstone, not the cornerstone, of any organizational transformation..climate-change conference held in Paris in December 2015, as well as subsequent efforts to elaborate the Agreement.

Students will gain familiarity with formal and, to a lesser degree, informal processes through which national governments cooperate to achieve environmental goals.As such, the module will be useful for students considering careers in international governmental organizations (IGOs) or internationally-oriented NGOs—especially those focusing on the environment Anglia Ruskin College or university Collection Harvard Process   and also promote your personal data write my information technology homework   from the Missouri who can help me write custom research proposal poetry no   need to buy custom thesis Editing 6 hours Academic Harvard American without plagiarism..

As such, the module will be useful for students considering careers in international governmental organizations (IGOs) or internationally-oriented NGOs—especially those focusing on the environment.

Students will gain considerable insight into climate-change policy as such, and the course will be very valuable for students who specifically wish to work in this field Anglia Ruskin College or university Collection Harvard Process   and also promote your personal data write my information technology homework   from the Missouri who can help me write custom research proposal poetry no   need to buy custom thesis Editing 6 hours Academic Harvard American without plagiarism..Students will gain considerable insight into climate-change policy as such, and the course will be very valuable for students who specifically wish to work in this field.Finally, while this is not a course in legal scholarship or in negotiation, we will read and analyze the texts of international climate-change agreements carefully.Such experience could be of use, again, for those students who wish to work in IGOs .Such experience could be of use, again, for those students who wish to work in IGOs.Elsie Sunderland Patrick Ulrich Description : This course will provide an introduction to environmental science and engineering through case studies of some of the most pressing environmental issues.Course modules will include climate and air quality; food production and environmental impact; availability and quality of water; species biodiversity and ecosystem services; and ecological economics, risk management and environmental policy.

Case studies will provide an introduction to the fundamental principles underlying disciplines in environmental research including chemistry, hydrology, soil science, ecology, statistics, and economics.Engineering solutions to societal problems will be discussed in the context of energy availability, air and water pollution control, design of effective monitoring strategies for ecological populations, and metrics used to evaluate the effectiveness of environmental policies.Richard Cooper Spring 2018 Description: After a review of what is currently known about greenhouse gas emissions? possible impact on climate and of how such knowledge is acquired, the seminar will explore the possible impact of climate change on social and economic conditions over the next century.Participants will investigate possible public policy responses to these developments, including actions both to adapt to and to mitigate climate change.What would be the costs of adaptation? Would an investment in mitigating the changes be worthwhile? The seminar will also address the requirements and possibilities for international cooperation in dealing with the problem of global climate change, the solution to which transcends national boundaries and competence.

Throughout, the seminar will emphasize the analysis of complex problems in public policy.Members of the seminar will be exposed to concepts of cost-benefit analysis and considerations of uncertainty in decision-making.The seminar will rely on student research.Spring 2018 Description: States play a leading role in forging our nation's energy policy.

State regulatory authority over in-state activities is pervasive, from resource extraction to utility rate-making.This seminar offers an overview of core state functions, the legal questions they present, and the current policy debates and legal battles over the future of our energy sector.Across all of these topics, we'll explore how state roles change over time, given federal action in this space, case law, and industry developments.Topics will include: regulation of electric utilities; pipeline and infrastructure siting; renewable energy and other resource policies; oil and gas production; and, regional and multi-state energy partnerships.